Volume 44 (2016) / Issue 8/9
The value added tax (VAT) classification of services provided in connection with arbitration proceedings will be illustrated on the basis of the law and practice in Denmark, Germany and Sweden. Since VAT is a tax that has been harmonized in the European Union, the VAT position ought to be the same for similar services in all Member States, unless a Member State has a standstill clause.1 The VAT treatment of services does not appear to be the same in these three countries. In Germany and Sweden it is agreed that services provided in connection with arbitration proceedings are subject to VAT, but in Denmark they are not regarded as subject to VAT. For the background to why VAT is not levied on services connected with arbitration proceedings in Denmark, it is necessary to look at some past rulings of the Danish VAT Tribunal (Momsnævn). These decisions were made prior to the amendment of the Danish VAT Act in 1994 and so they are based on the old rules. The question is whether the amendments to the Danish VAT Act in 1994 ought to have led to these services concerned being subject to VAT in Denmark.
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