This paper presents a critical analysis of just transition narratives in the context of Latin America, highlighting the need for a Global South1 approach that considers the specific socio-economic and environmental conditions of the region. Drawing on the existing literature and the case law of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACtHR), the paper examines the role of international environmental and human rights law in promoting a fair and equitable transition to a low-carbon economy. It argues that a just transition must prioritize the needs of vulnerable groups, including informal sector workers, indigenous peoples, and other marginalized communities, who are disproportionately affected by environmental degradation and climate change. The paper also assesses the narratives of just transition in the Inter-American system, providing a new contribution to the literature on human and environmental rights in the region. By highlighting the importance of a context-specific approach to just transition, this paper aims to contribute to ongoing debates on the role of law in promoting sustainable and fair employment in Latin America.