The fight back against modern threats to civil aviation has now materialized since the entry into force in 2018 of both the 2010 Beijing Convention on the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Relating to International Civil Aviation and the 2010 Beijing Protocol Supplementary to the Convention on Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft. These two instruments share the same goal but must be distinguished clearly. The 2010 Protocol supplements the 1970 Hague Convention and was drafted mostly to address hijacking scenarios; whereas the 2010 Convention is a recast of the 1971 Montreal Convention and its 1988 Protocol regarding other forms of violence against aircraft and airport facilities. This article will aim to shed some light on selected key improvements made by these recent instruments.
Nullum crimen, nulla poena sine legeAir and Space Law