The European Economic Community (EEC) has the competence, to the exclusion of its Member States, to conclude international agreements in important fields, such as fisheries, on which the draft convention on the Law of the Sea contains provisions. Contracting parties to the future Law of the Sea Convention will not be allowed to make reservations to the convention or participate in it on a partial basis. It follows therefrom that provisions must be envisaged which would allow the EEC to become a contracting party to the convention together with its Member States.
This article outlines the legal background for participation by the EEC in international agreements and indicates the main provisions of interest to the EEC in the draft convention prepared at U.N.C.L.O.S. III.Common Market Law Review