Although the aviation sector is one of the fastest growing climate change contributors in Europe, it is not covered by the European Union’s Emissions Trading Scheme (EU-ETS). Therefore the European Commission suggested including aviation in the EU-ETS and announced the aim of putting forward a legislative proposal by the end of 2006.
In this article the legal aspects, which have to be considered for an successful inclusion of aviation into the EU-ETS, will be reviewed. This includes the legal framework for the inclusion of aviation into the EU-ETS which consists of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Kyoto Protocol and the Community Law. Important legal aspects are also possible legal obstacles like the existing traffic rights in the different Member States, bilateral air transport agreements like the Open Skies agreements and the Chicago Convention. Another crucial legal point of the inclusion of aviation into the EU-ETS is the interplay of the EU-ETS and the Kyoto Protocol. Furthermore the legal aspects regarding the scope and certain design points of emission trading scheme will be reviewed. This includes the obliged parties, the allocation and certain points of the administration.European Energy and Environmental Law Review