Certificates of origin issued by a competent authority have been used to prove that goods originate under many Free Trade Agreements (FTAs). This system, however, has limitations as trade volume grows under FTAs, so countries have been shifting toward self-certification origin systems. Self-certification systems are less costly and less time-consuming, but system depends on following the rules. This article discusses the examination of certification documents under these systems from viewpoints of authenticity, identity, and originating status. Being aware of the difference between these systems, measures are considered to achieve a smooth transition from the conventional certification system to one of self-certification.
Global Trade and Customs Journal