Supporting the domestic agriculture sector is a vital concern for most developing countries. Of late, developing countries’ agricultural subsidies are increasingly falling under scrutiny at various WTO fora, including the Dispute Settlement Body and the Committee on Agriculture. The recent WTO panel ruling in China – Agricultural Producers and the multiple challenges against India’s support measures on sugar and cane sugar are illustrations of this trend. It is a potential tinderbox and is bound to push the WTO dispute settlement system to another political crisis if these measures are seriously pursued. The fault lines of the Agreement on Agriculture (AoA) are glaringly visible and the dubious economic basis for agriculture subsidy disciplines are likely to be vigorously contested. Maintaining essential agriculture support programme is a matter of life and death for several developing countries. In that context, the article is an attempt to formulate a few suggestions which can be helpful for the developing countries to design their agriculture policies in a manner that is consistent with the WTO legal framework and, in particular, the AoA. The article provides some practical suggestions for designing programmes which can take advantage of the limited flexibilities provided under the AoA for the calculation of Aggregate Measurement of Support and Market Price Support. On the whole, a carefully crafted agriculture subsidy policy can help the WTO Members to maintain essential public stockholding or other income or price support programmes.